Ultimate Guide to Multilingual Social Media 2019

by | Jan 29, 2019

Did you know that 72% of consumers said they would be more likely to buy a product if information for it was written in their own language?
Well, nowadays, social media is a big part of how companies interact with potential consumers, so if you’re not thinking about making your social media multilingual, you’re missing out and we don’t want that for you!

Here is our Ultimate Guide to Multilingual Social Media in 2019 that will set you up for a successful multilingual social media presence.

Language Diversity on Social Media

Overview

Research has shown that both Facebook and Twitter have strong global audiences. But where, specifically?

To start off, here’s an overview of who’s on the three social media networks we’ll discuss in this article: Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.

Multilingual Facebook Statistics

An April 2018 study indicated the ten countries with the most monthly Facebook users, which are:

  • India (270 million users)
  • The United States (240 million users)
  • Indonesia (140 million users)
  • Brazil (130 million users)
  • Mexico (85 million users)
  • The Philippines (69 million users)
  • Vietnam (58 million users)
  • Thailand (52 million users)
  • Turkey (52 million users)
  • The United Kingdom (45 million users)

Just by knowing those countries, we can assume a large number of Facebook users are fluent in Hindi, English, Indonesian, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese, Thai, and Turkish — and that’s just official languages, not every language spoken in those countries.

The thing about Facebook is that it’s ubiquitous. People pretty much everywhere are on it and know about it. No matter what your company is all about, whether it’s big or small, you should be on Facebook.

As for what languages to market to, if you’re trying to reach a market that speaks one of these languages, you should definitely be planning to go multilingual on Facebook.

Wondering about the number of Facebook users in a different country? Check out this table:

Facebook users by country
Country # of Facebook Users % of Pop.
Afghanistan 3,000,000 10%
Albania 1,500,000 52%
Algeria 18,000,000 43%
American Samoa 23,000 41%
Andorra 49,000 64%
Angola 3,900,000 13%
Anguilla 10,000 67%
Antigua and Barbuda 57,000 56%
Argentina 31,000,000 71%
Armenia 1,100,000 38%
Aruba 38,000 36%
Australia 16,000,000 65%
Austria 3,900,000 45%
Azerbaijan 2,100,000 21%
Bahamas 230,000 58%
Bahrain 1,100,000 77%
Bangladesh 26,000,000 16%
Barbados 180,000 63%
Belarus 1,300,000 14%
Belgium 6,900,000 60%
Belize 180,000 48%
Benin 1,100,000 10%
Bermuda 40,000 65%
Bhutan 290,000 36%
Bolivia 5,300,000 48%
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 13,000 53%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,700,000 49%
Botswana 790,000 34%
Brazil 130,000,000 62%
British Virgin Islands 13,000 42%
Brunei Darussalam 370,000 86%
Bulgaria 3,600,000 51%
Burkina Faso 730,000 4%
Burundi 490,000 5%
Cambodia 4,900,000 31%
Cameroon 2,500,000 10%
Canada 23,000,000 63%
Cape Verde 230,000 42%
Cayman Islands 50,000 81%
Central African Republic 87,000 2%
Chad 220,000 1%
Chile 13,000,000 72%
China Banned
Christmas Island 260 14%
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 200 37%
Colombia 28,000,000 57%
Comoros 83,000 10%
Congo 500,000 10%
Cook Islands 7,000 40%
Costa Rica 3,200,000 65%
Croatia 2,000,000 48%
Cuba No data  —
Curaçao 120,000 75%
Cyprus 930,000 79%
Czech Republic 4,900,000 46%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,300,000 3%
Denmark 3,800,000 67%
Djibouti 190,000 20%
Dominica 45,000 61%
Dominican Republic 5,100,000 47%
East Timor 400,000 31%
Ecuador 10,000,000 60%
Egypt 35,000,000 36%
El Salvador 3,400,000 53%
Equatorial Guinea 84,000 7%
Eritrea 63,000 1%
Estonia 660,000 50%
Ethiopia 3,300,000 3%
Falkland Islands 2,700 93%
Faroe Islands 35,000 71%
Federated States of Micronesia 20,000 19%
Fiji 430,000 47%
Finland 2,800,000 51%
France 36,000,000 55%
French Guiana 110,000 39%
French Polynesia 150,000 53%
Gabon 570,000 28%
Gambia 250,000 12%
Georgia 2,200,000 56%
Germany 33,000,000 40%
Ghana 4,600,000 16%
Gibraltar 25,000 72%
Greece 5,300,000 47%
Greenland 39,000 69%
Grenada 63,000 58%
Guadeloupe 230,000 51%
Guam 110,000 67%
Guatemala 6,200,000 37%
Guernsey 35,000 56%
Guinea 1,200,000 9%
Guinea-Bissau 90,000 5%
Guyana 340,000 44%
Haiti 1,600,000 15%
Honduras 3,000,000 32%
Hong Kong 5,500,000 75%
Hungary 5,500,000 57%
Iceland 260,000 78%
India 270,000,000 20%
Indonesia 140,000,000 52%
Iran Banned
Iraq 16,000,000 41%
Ireland 2,800,000 59%
Isle of Man 47,000 56%
Israel 5,800,000 70%
Italy 31,000,000 52%
Ivory Coast 3,200,000 13%
Jamaica 1,200,000 42%
Japan 30,000,000 24%
Jersey 64,000 64%
Jordan 5,400,000 56%
Kazakhstan 3,100,000 17%
Kenya 6,700,000 13%
Kiribati 11,000 9%
Kosovo 960,000 50%
Kuwait 3,000,000 73%
Kyrgyzstan 600,000 10%
Laos 1,800,000 26%
Latvia 800,000 41%
Lebanon 3,500,000 58%
Lesotho 330,000 15%
Liberia 400,000 8%
Libya 3,200,000 50%
Liechtenstein 15,000 40%
Lithuania 1,500,000 52%
Luxembourg 330,000 57%
Macau 410,000 66%
Macedonia 1,100,000 52%
Madagascar 1,600,000 6%
Malawi 790,000 4%
Malaysia 22,000,000 70%
Maldives 310,000 71%
Mali 1,300,000 7%
Malta 330,000 77%
Marshall Islands 21,000 40%
Martinique 180,000 47%
Mauritania 480,000 11%
Mauritius 720,000 57%
Mayotte 64,000 25%
Mexico 85,000,000 65%
Moldova 810,000 20%
Monaco 20,000 52%
Mongolia 1,600,000 52%
Montenegro 350,000 56%
Montserrat 3,000 58%
Morocco 14,000,000 39%
Mozambique 1,700,000 6%
Myanmar 14,000,000 26%
Namibia 580,000 23%
Nauru 3,200 28%
Nepal 7,100,000 24%
Netherlands 11,000,000 65%
New Caledonia 160,000 58%
New Zealand 3,200,000 68%
Nicaragua 2,200,000 35%
Niger 400,000 2%
Nigeria 1,800,000 1%
Niue 800 49%
Norfolk Island 260 15%
North Korea Banned <1%
Northern Mariana Islands 35,000 63%
Norway 3,500,000 66%
Oman 2,000,000 45%
Pakistan 31,000,000 15%
Palau 6,900 32%
Palestine 1,700,000 35%
Panama 2,100,000 52%
Papua New Guinea 620,000 8%
Paraguay 3,200,000 45%
Peru 20,000,000 62%
Philippines 69,000,000 65%
Poland 15,000,000 39%
Portugal 6,100,000 59%
Puerto Rico 2,200,000 66%
Qatar 2,400,000 91%
Réunion 430,000 50%
Romania 9,400,000 48%
Russia 19,000,000 13%
Rwanda 590,000 5%
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 1,900 34%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 38,000 69%
Saint Lucia 97,000 54%
Saint Martin and Sint Maarten 36,000 32%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4,000 66%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 63,000 57%
Samoa 83,000 42%
San Marino 8,500 25%
São Tomé and Príncipe 54,000 27%
Saudi Arabia 19,000,000 21%
Senegal 2,600,000 17%
Serbia 3,400,000 48%
Seychelles 56,000 59%
Sierra Leone 370,000 5%
Singapore 4,400,000 78%
Slovakia 2,500,000 46%
Slovenia 960,000 46%
Solomon Islands 49,000 8%
Somalia 900,000 8%
South Africa 15,000,000 26%
South Korea 20,000,000 39%
South Sudan 170,000 1%
Spain 25,000,000 54%
Sri Lanka 4,900,000 22%
Sudan 3,000,000 8%
Suriname 310,000 56%
Swaziland 190,000 14%
Sweden 6,600,000 51%
Switzerland 4,000,000 48%
Syria 6,000,000 35%
Taiwan 19,000,000 81%
Tajikistan 110,000 1%
Tanzania 5,000,000 9%
Thailand 52,000,000 75%
Togo 470,000 6%
Tokelau 200 13%
Tonga 47,000 47%
Trinidad and Tobago 770,000 57%
Tunisia 6,400,000 57%
Turkey 52,000,000 63%
Turkmenistan 25,000 >1%
Turks and Caicos Islands 27,000 86%
Tuvalu 2,800 26%
Uganda 2,500,000 6%
Ukraine 7,600,000 18%
United Arab Emirates 9,200,000 96%
United Kingdom 45,000,000 68%
United States 240,000,000 64%
United States Virgin Islands 29,000 28%
Uruguay 2,500,000 73%
Uzbekistan 770,000 2%
Vanuatu 44,000 16%
Vatican City 20 2%
Venezuela 14,000,000 44%
Vietnam 58,000,000 60%
Wallis and Futuna 4,100 34%
Western Sahara 2,900 >1%
Yemen 2,200,000 8%
Zambia 1,600,000 10%
Zimbabwe 920,000 6%

 

Multilingual Twitter Statistics

Over on Twitter, a 2013 study found that English is the most-used language on Twitter, but not by an overwhelming margin. Just 34% of tweets were written in English.

Japanese (16%), Spanish (12%), Malay (8%), Portuguese (6%), and Arabic (6%) each had a very significant presence in the Twittersphere. Though their tweet counts are lower, French (2%), Turkish (2%), Thai (1%), and Korean (1%) also cracked the top ten list. Almost more impressively, 12% of tweets were in a different language entirely.

Multilingual Linkedin Statistics

LinkedIn is the only social media platform where the data showed LinkedIn users fairly concentrated in one country: 128 million Americans had LinkedIn accounts in 2016. That’s nearly 100 million more users than the second-highest country: India.

Other countries with over 10 million LinkedIn users are Brazil, the United Kingdom, China, Canada, and France.

Speaking of China, it’s notable that China had 20 million LinkedIn users. That’s the first time China, the most populous country on Earth, has a significant number of users on one of these lists. Facebook and Twitter are banned in China, and LinkedIn isn’t.

Keep in mind, many countries use different social media networks than the ones we discuss here. Not just Tumblr or Pinterest, but websites you probably have never heard of. In China, Tencent, QQ, WeChat, and Weibo seem to be most popular. Be sure research your target languages to find out who’s using what platform.

Again, there’s no point in translating social media if the people who speak that language won’t see it.

LinkedIn is far less ubiquitous worldwide than Facebook or Twitter, but it still has a respectable hold in many countries. Check out the table below for more data:

Linkedin users by country
Country # of LinkedIn Users (in millions) % of Country’s Pop.
Argentina 5,000,000 12%
Australia 7,000,000 28%
Belgium 2,000,000 18%
Brazil 25,000,000 12%
Canada 12,000,000  33%
Chile 3,000,000  18%
China 20,000,000  1%
Colombia 4,000,000  8%
Denmark 1,000,000  18%
France 11,000,000  16%
Hong Kong 1,000,000  14%
India 45,000,000  3%
Indonesia 6,000,000  2%
Ireland 1,000,000  16%
Italy 8,000,000  13%
Japan 1,000,000  <1%
Malaysia 2,000,000  7%
Mexico 8,000,000  6%
Netherlands 6,000,000  35%
New Zealand 1,000,000  21%
Norway 1,000,000  19%
Philippines 3,000,000  3%
Russia 5,000,000  3%
Singapore 1,000,000  17%
South Africa 4,000,000  7%
South Korea 1,000,000  2%
Spain 8,000,000  14%
Sweden 2,000,000  20%
Thailand 1,000,000  2%
Turkey 5,000,000  6%
United Arab Emirates 2,000,000  21%
United Kingdom 20,000,000  31%
United States 144,000,000  44%
Venezuela 2,000,000  6%

 

Use social media analytics to find out where your people are

Business social media pages have lovely analytics collectors that should tell you all you need to know about who’s tuning into your page and from where.

At this point, I need to warn you about something. If you’re a social media nerd like me, you could get stuck reading analytics for hours and hours and hours. Beware!

Also, keep in mind that Facebook’s, Twitter’s, and LinkedIn’s integrated analytics systems won’t work for personal profiles. If you want to do this for your personal profile, there are third-party apps out there that you can use.

Facebook insights

On your Facebook page, toward the top of the screen, click the word “Insights.”

Insights tells you all kinds of things about how your Facebook page is faring, including a ton of demographics. In the menu along the left side of the screen, click “People.”

The next page is all you need to successfully pinpoint your global audience. This page will tell you the country, city, and language of your fans and followers. It will also give you the demographics of “People Reached” and “People Engaged.” These are the people who saw your content and the people who liked, reacted, commented, or shared your content, respectively. The age and gender makeup of your audience is also here, which may or may not be useful information for you.

Be aware that if your page is new or if not a lot of activity is happening on your page, this demographic data won’t appear until you hit a certain level of engagement.

Twitter analytics

Twitter’s analytics system isn’t nearly as comprehensive as Facebook’s, but third-party applications can do the job for you.

One of them is TweepsMap. Tweepsmap has different options at a variety of price points (including a free version!) that you can use to map your followers by location, all the way down to the city level. It also has more analytics and a social media scheduler, but we’ll get to that in a moment.

LinkedIn analytics

From your LinkedIn page, click “Manage Page,” which should be right above your “About Us” section. Click “Analytics” at the top. A menu will drop down. There are two different pages on the LinkedIn Analytics to find your country-based user info.

First, click “Visitors.” You can set period of time you want to look at, whether it’s who visited your page in the last week, month, or year, or a different interval.

Scroll down to the Visitor Demographics module, and click the drop-down menu that says “Job Function” as a default demographic. Click “Country” to see the breakdown of who visited your page from which country. Click “Region” to break it down even further and see your visitors based on metropolitan area.

Next, go back to that Analytics drop-down menu at the top of the screen and click “Followers.”

Scroll down to the Follower Demographic module. Here, you should see by default your followers broken down by country and metro region.

LinkedIn differs from Facebook and Twitter in a very significant way. On Facebook and Twitter, most people probably won’t look at your page much unless they follow you. But on LinkedIn, people will go to pages they’ve never been to before to check on job postings, hiring prospects, company culture, or other information.

For this reason, I suggest you put more weight on where your Visitors are coming from than where your Followers are coming from.

Now that you know where your people are, it’s time to get started creating great multilingual social media content! 

How to do multilingual social media

Step one of successfully running social media across languages is don’t overwhelm your audience with content.

It should be stated that creating multilingual content for Facebook and Twitter, in particular, is a lot of time-consuming work. If your company has a global presence, but the vast majority of your business is in one country, you may not need to get into the multilingual game. Alternatively, even if you have a huge global presence but you can only afford to hire one social media manager, you may not have the capacity to market your social media in multiple languages.

Now, for the “how-to.” Avoid translating posts into several languages and publishing them multiple times the same day. What you need is consistency and fresh material. There are few ways you can do this depending on which social media platform you’re on.

Facebook: Facebook Global Pages

Facebook knows it’s a key player in globl multilingual marketing, so it rolled out a feature called Global Pages to help international companies manage localized content.

Basically, Global Pages let you create multiple Facebook pages for different geographical regions. Facebook won’t translate and localize these pages for you. You create secondary region pages with localized content. These pages all connect to a parent “Global” page. Facebook recommends you start slow and learn the structure of Global pages before overhauling your Facebook presence. It’s recommended that you get the hang of operating one or two region pages first, but for reference, Pepsi has 70 different region pages and Coca-Cola has 104.

So here’s how it works. When someone goes to your brand’s page, they’ll be automatically redirected to their region’s page. They are able to change the region they see if they want to, but they can’t follow multiple regions from a single brand.

When you transition to using a Global Page structure:

  • You’ll get separate Insights for each region page. The Global page will have Insights for all the region pages combined.
  • Each region page will have its own messages inbox.
  • When someone goes to tag your company in a post, their region page will be tagged.

Creating and scheduling content for Global pages works about the same as for individual pages. You can publish region-specific content for each page, or you can publish universal content that will go out to all of the region pages. You can also connect multiple region pages to a third-party social media scheduling app.

Keep in mind that global pages target countries, not languages. So, for example, you couldn’t create French Canadian and English Canadian pages. You can, however, use Facebook to target specific posts for a region page based on language, so one group sees only English posts and another group French posts.

Here’s some info on how to make your pages Global, and here’s an awesome FAQ guide.

On the flip side, some groups may not want to operate Global pages. Starbucks is a huge global company that hasn’t gotten on the Global pages train. Instead, it operates individual Facebook pages for individual stores and posts separately to each of those.

If your company is like that, and you’re going to want to target groups at a hyper-specific level, Global pages are probably not for you. In that case, you’re probably going to want to open up multiple, unconnected Facebook pages, create localized content for each one, and use a strong post scheduler to keep it all organized. More on that later.

In summary, Facebook Global pages are great at targeting countries, but they’re kind of tedious to target more intricately. On the other hand, unconnected Facebook pages can target far more specifically, but it may be harder for people to find the Facebook page that’s best for them.

LinkedIn: Secondary Language Profiles

In its terms and conditions, LinkedIn prohibits companies creating more than one account. However, like Facebook, LinkedIn allows you to create “secondary language profiles.” Unlike Facebook, LinkedIn offers this feature to both business pages and personal pages.

When they visit your page, viewers will see whatever language you originally created the page in, but a drop-down menu allows them to change the language to one they’d prefer.

Languages currently supported in this feature are: English, Chinese (simplified and traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, and Turkish.

Posting to LinkedIn’s feed isn’t changed by creating a secondary language profile. All your posts will still show up in the same place the same way, regardless of which language profiles you’ve created.

However, LinkedIn allows companies over a certain size target posts to a specific audience. In this way, you can target by language or country. This feature is separate from secondary language profiles.

Remember that LinkedIn is a much more serious place than Facebook and especially Twitter. You need to know slang, and avoid it. Users should also refrain from posting just for the sake of posting. Major company updates, job openings, departure of long-time employees? Yes. Inappropriate jokes or silly banter? No.

But now we’ve gotten to what’s obviously the most important part of making social media content multilingual: you have to translate and localize it, and you have to do it well.

Twitter: Separate Multilingual Twitter Accounts

It’s very common for groups to run several Twitter accounts, each in a different language.

Ads can get a little trickier when you operate multiple Twitter accounts. You’ll have to run separate ad campaigns for separate accounts. However, you can promote a hashtag as part of Twitter Ads, which would allow you to boost more than one account at once, depending on the hashtag.

Besides that, operating multiple multilingual Twitter accounts is surprisingly straightforward. Using a tool behind the scenes to schedule your posts, you might not even notice you’re operating more than one Twitter account!

Tools for multilingual social media accounts

To successfully run multiple accounts in different languages, you’ll need a good platform to schedule your posts. Here’s a list of 34 different social media schedulers, including what they each specialize in. You’ll want to look for a scheduler that allows you to:

  • post a lot of content
  • post to different accounts in different languages
  • stay organized so things don’t get confusing

Here at Wordbee, Buffer works well for us. We use it because it satisfies all of those bullet points above. It’s also very user-friendly, so you can learn to use it really quickly. As a bonus, the interface is really nice to look at. It’s easy to see your posts laid out all at once without it being overwhelming.

There’s a free plan on Buffer that may work for very small groups, but you can only schedule for 3 accounts on the free plan. For multilingual social media strategies, you’ll likely end up with more than 3 accounts if you create different accounts for each language.

For groups that are planning to post content to a very large number of social media pages in many different languages, we recommend SocialPilot. There isn’t a free plan, but you can schedule crazy large amounts of content without spending a ton of money.

StatusBrew is another interesting option for groups that may be scheduling a lot of content on a lot of different accounts. Unlike other schedulers, you can create a custom plan, so you’re only paying for the services you need.

MavSocial is a scheduler that’s often brought up for being multilingual social media-friendly. It allows for integration with WeChat, a social media network that’s really popular in China. It also has a post-approval process, so you can hold posts until someone can approve them. That way, you can always check that multilingual posts make sense and aren’t embarrassing before they’re posted!

How to Localize Social Media Content

Of course, you could use a machine translator like Google Translate, but don’t expect it to be perfect … or even coherent. Machine translators usually translate word-for-word, ignoring important context clues and quirks of localized language.

It’s super easy to accidentally publish an embarrassing blunder for everyone to see. One story that floats around the social media marketing world is how Coors, the beer company, wanted their “Turn it loose!” campaign translated into Mexican Spanish. But their poor translation ended up coming out more like “Suffer from diarrhea!”

Don’t be like Coors.

Find a system that works for you. There are two different processes you can use, and I bet you can guess what they are: hire a human translator (or several), or use a machine translator with smarts and be ready to post-edit.

Use a system to manage translations

It’s pretty unlikely that your social media manager knows every language you want to market to, although a multilingual social media manager would be a very valuable resource.

But realistically, your social media manager is probably going to need a translator.

Depending on the scale of your social media presence and the scale of your company, your need for a translator will be different. If your company is relatively small and you’re only planning to coordinate social media in one or two other languages, you can probably hire individual freelance translators who will translate and localize your posts for you.

At a larger scale, you’ll probably want to use a translation service — and an assistant to help you schedule all your posts for the different accounts without going crazy! And if your company already has a localization department, you’d probably do well to go and talk to them about it, too!

But if you’re already thinking globally for social media, chances are you’re probably going to need to translate other materials as well. After all, your new customers are going to get quite a shock when they get to your page and realize only your social media was translated!

If that’s the case, you’re going to need a multi-purpose translation system, which is where Wordbee can step in to help your business thrive. In Wordbee Translator, you can choose from a variety of machine translation engines to translate your social media posts. But unlike stand-alone machine translation engines such as Google Translate or Bing Translator, the Wordbee system will learn and remember how you translate certain words and phrases as you go. If a translation sounds off to you, you can easily have a post-edit job done to clean things up with a human translator. 

You can use Wordbee for other types of content: your website, your marketing emails, even internal documents or physical text, like on product packaging. That way, from first Twitter to final purchase, you’ll be connecting 100% with your new global consumers.

Work with a third-party language services provider

You can also work with a third-party LSP to get your social media posts translated. Choosing an LSP is a lot like hiring other members of your team. You’ll want to look for an LSP that’s stable, reliable, high-quality, professional, and prompt.

When you translate your social media posts with an LSP, you’ll likely need to put all of your posts into a document, which would be translated and sent back to you for you to copy-paste for social media.

You may have more questions about multilingual social media, and rightly so! It’s a multifaceted topic. Feel free to reach out to us here at Wordbee to find out how we can help with the translation end of things. Or, follow us on Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn, and feel free to ask questions there!

Is this interesting?

Subscribe to get interesting localization podcasts, discussion panels, and articles every month.

Want cool localization techniques straight to your email?

Want cool localization techniques straight to your email?

Keep up on the latest in localization management techniques with Wordbee.

You have Successfully Subscribed!